Nightingale, Florence

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 15 May 1820 Florence, Italy
d. 13 August 1910 London, England
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English nurse, pioneer of the reform of nursing, hospital organization and technology.
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Dedicated to the relief of suffering, Florence Nightingale spent her early years visiting civil and military hospitals all over Europe. She then attended a course of formal training at Kaiserwerth in Germany and with the Sisters of St Vincent de Paul in Paris.
She had returned to London and was managing, after having reformed, a hostel for invalid gentlewomen when in 1854 the appalling conditions of the wounded in Turkey during the Crimean War led to her taking a party of thirty-eight nurses out to Scutari. The application of principles of hygiene and sanitation resulted in dramatic improvements in conditions and on her return to England in 1856 she applied the large sums which had been raised in her honour to the founding in 1861 of the St Thomas's School of Nursing.
From this base she acted as adviser, goad and promoter of sound nursing common sense for the remainder of a long life marred by a chronic invalidism quite out of keeping with the rigorousness of her role in the nursing field. It was not only in the training and conduct of nursing that her influence was primal. Many concepts of hospital technology relating to hygiene, ventilation and ward design are to be attributed to her forthright common sense. The "Nightingale ward", for a time the target of progressive reformers, has been shown still to have abiding virtues.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Order of Merit 1907.
Bibliography
1858, Notes on Nursing.
1899, Notes on Hospitals.
Further Reading
C.Woodham-Smith, 1949, Florence Nightingale, London.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nightingale, Florence — UK [ˈnaɪtɪŋɡeɪl, ˈflɒr(ə)ns] US [ˈnaɪtɪŋˌɡeɪl, ˈflɔrəns] http://www.macmillandictionary.com/med2cd/weblinks/nightingale florence.htm See:Florence Nightingale …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nightingale, Florence — См. Florence Nightingale. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Nightingale, Florence — born May 12, 1820, Florence, Italy died Aug. 13, 1910, London, Eng. Italian born British nurse, founder of trained nursing as a profession. As a volunteer nurse, she was put in charge of nursing the military in Turkey during the Crimean War. Her… …   Universalium

  • Nightingale, Florence — (1820–1910)    Philanthropist.    Nightingale was born into an aristocratic English family in Florence. In the face of strong disapproval, she insisted on studying nursing and she visited the Sisters of Charity in Alexandria in 1849 and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Nightingale, Florence — UK [ˈnaɪtɪŋɡeɪl, ˈflɒr(ə)ns] / US [ˈnaɪtɪŋˌɡeɪl, ˈflɔrəns] See: Florence Nightingale …   English dictionary

  • Nightingale,Florence — Night·in·gale (nītʹn gāl , nīʹtĭng ), Florence. Known as “the Lady with the Lamp.” 1820 1910. British nurse who organized (1854) and directed a unit of field nurses during the Crimean War and is considered the founder of modern nursing. * * * …   Universalium

  • NIGHTINGALE, FLORENCE —    a famous philanthropic nurse, born at Florence, of wealthy English parentage; at the age of 22 entered the institution of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth to be trained as a nurse, and afterwards studied the methods of nursing and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Nightingale, Florence — ► (1820 1910) Enfermera británica. Se hizo famosa durante la Guerra de Crimea, donde logró que la mortalidad descendiera del 42% al 20%. * * * (12 may. 1820, Florencia, Italia–13 ago. 1910, Londres, Inglaterra). Enfermera británica nacida en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nightingale, Florence — Night|in|gale, Flor|ence [ naıtıŋ,geıl, flɔrəns ] noun a woman who is very kind to someone who is sick …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Nightingale, Florence —  (1820–1910) English nurse and hospital reformer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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